In the vineyards surrounding the millstone there is a prephylloxera vineyard

PALMENTO COSTANZO

PREFILOSSERA

When the sore of phylloxera brought world viticulture to its knees, in the second half of the 1800s, a new and very important “wine period” began on Etna.
For unexplained reasons the insect of the phylloxera, in fact, does not recover to infect the vines cultivated on the volcanic soil.
The scarcity of wine in most of the world and the great market demand stimulated the planting of new vineyards on the slopes of Etna.
After the phylloxera period, viticulture on Etna soon lost its centrality also due to too high production costs and low yield per hectare.
Visiting the Etna vineyards it is still easy to find centennial pre-phylloxera vines on wild feet, plants that produce wines of great character and elegance and that the producers preserve as real monuments of Italian viticulture.